Where will Shanghai go?
In 2020, Shanghai's GDP reached 3870.058 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 1.7%, and continues to rank first in China. Shanghai governs 16 districts with a total area of 6340.5 square kilometers and a permanent resident population of about 25 million. Shanghai is not only the economic center of China, but also the center of finance, shipping, science and technology.
Then, as China's largest economy, where will Shanghai develop in the future? This is also a very broad topic. As the leader of China's cities, Shanghai's internal development has been going hand in hand.
When it comes to the development direction, the first thing many people will think of is the subway network diagram. Subway line means the expansion of urban commerce, and it is also the traffic lifeline of the internal development of a city. At present, the development of major cities in China is basically in direct proportion to the development of subway.
From the perspective of subway lines, Shanghai has been very dense, but it is mainly concentrated in central urban areas such as Xujiahui, people's Square, Bund and Lujiazui. These areas are bound to be the most important development direction of Shanghai in the future.
The downtown area of Shanghai is 660 square kilometers, accounting for 1/10 of Shanghai's total. Public information shows that the central city of Shanghai includes Huangpu District, Xuhui District, Changning District, Jingan District, Putuo District, Hongkou District, Yangpu District and Pudong New Area.
In terms of development potential, there is little room for improvement in the central urban area. But if it is important and strategic, the central city of Shanghai must be the most important direction. In the early documents, Shanghai proposed to focus on the development of the "cross axis" of the central urban area and the industrial belt along the river and coastal areas, and took the suburban New Town as the focus of construction.
In the 14th five year plan of Shanghai, it has been reflected that the urban core of Shanghai will be the area of one river, which refers to the Huangpu River and one river is the Suzhou River. In addition to this core area, Shanghai has also put forward the planning of five new towns. Some scholars have proposed that the urban configuration of Shanghai will have one central urban area and five "independent comprehensive node cities".
The planning document proposes that Shanghai should vigorously promote the new spatial pattern of "central radiation, two wings flying together, new town development and North-South transformation", and build the five new towns of Jiading, Qingpu, Songjiang, Fengxian and Nanhui into independent comprehensive node cities.
The positioning of Shanghai's five new towns will make Shanghai flow in resources such as population, science and technology and transportation. Many netizens said that the central city of Shanghai is the soul of Shanghai, and the five major new towns will comprehensively expand the scope of Shanghai's space, which is the key to making Shanghai stronger and stronger.
So which of the five new towns in Shanghai has the most potential? At present, from the point of view of all parties, there is basically no agreement. Some scholars believe that although Nanhui is the farthest from the central urban area, it has port industry, which must also be the main direction of Shanghai in the future.
However, we believe that the industry along Hong Kong only emphasizes industrial development, and it is difficult to make a breakthrough in the field of urbanization. Although the planning around Nanhui Dishui Lake is very atmospheric, it is still not popular. It is not only the port of Shanghai, but also the coast of Hangzhou Bay is a similar industrial zone. It is a model from Shanghai, Jiaxing and Hangzhou to Shaoxing and Ningbo.
The future is the era of urban agglomeration and metropolitan area. The potential of the four new towns of Jiading, Qingpu, Songjiang and Fengxian should all be above Nanhui. Because the first four new towns can rely on the cooperation with Jiangsu and Zhejiang. At present, from the attitude of Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces, they are also eager to integrate into Shanghai.
In contrast, Nanhui is only an upgraded version of an industrial zone. From the perspective of long-term planning, Nanhui can be connected with Zhoushan and Ningbo through the sea crossing bridge, but this line is too difficult. Even if it is completed, its traffic cost will not be low.
At present, the development direction of Shanghai's central city will not waver. In addition, Jiading, Qingpu and Songjiang have great potential for development. So what are your different views on the future development of Shanghai?
This article is original by the city recorder. Welcome to pay attention and bring you knowledge!